976.9495 H2. Page 342-343.
May 17, 2015
Conflagration! The Bardstown Fire of 1856
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This blog post is part of the Donohoo Descendancy Project.
About 11 a.m. on the morning of April 12, 1856, a fire started in the town of Bardstown. The details on how it started were sketchy right from the start. Some reports claimed it started in the chimney of the house of two widowed sisters, spreading to the roof, and then down to rubbish between their home and the abandoned ten-pin-alley next door. Other reports claim the flames began in the rubbish pile and spread to the chimney and roof of the house. Regardless of the true origin of the fire, it devastated the whole community, and the Donohoo family in particular.
The weather was windy on this day, causing the flames to leap and spread to nearby buildings nearly faster than they could be evacuated. The fire wagon was brought out, but was somehow in ill repair and unable to help in the effort at all. The mayor of the city sent out a plea for help from other towns, but none were able to respond in time. Within three hours time, the entire south-east portion of the city was reduced to smoking embers.
Most families were not even able to salvage any of their household goods from the swift fire. None of the families had insurance to cover their losses. The devastation of the fire was reported throughout Kentucky, and as far away as New York and Chicago. Nearby communities, such as Louisville, called for fundraisers to help the devastated citizens of Bardstown. They formed committees to help with this fundraising effort, and the Catholic Bishop, Bishop Spalding led the way by donating $50 to the cause. The St. Joseph’s College in Bardstown donated $100 towards the rebuilding of the Methodist Church, and $100 towards the aid of the orphans and widows.
About 20 families were effected by this fire (this chart, compiled from all the reports listed in sources below, may or may not be accurate, as reports did conflict with each other):
The Donohoo family was keenly effected by this fire; their losses were very high. The home that was indicted as the possible cause of the fire was owned by Michael Donohoo, but resided in by Patrick Donohoo, daughter Mary Donohoo, his widowed daughters Margaret Frilling and Sarah Ann Bishop, grand-daughters Susan and Mary A. Bishop and son John W. Another home reduced to rubble belonged to his third widowed daughter, Catherine Turner and her four sons. She reportedly had just paid her last payment on the home and was unable to retrieve any personal belongings. All told, twelve members of the Donohoo family were left homeless by this fire.
“Disastrous Fire in Bardstown, Ky.-Fourteen Buildings Burnt.” New York Times, April 17, 1856. Online Digital Image: New York Times Archive (http://www.nytimes.com/ref/membercenter/nytarchive.html): accessed 29 December 2014.
“For the Louisville Democrat: At a meeting of the citizens.” Daily Louisville Democrat (Jefferson County, KY) 23 April 1856. Digital Image Source: Kentucky Digital Library, http://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt72ng4gn784/data/mets.xml Accessed December 2014.
“Great Fire in Bardstown.” Louisville weekly courier (Jefferson County, KY), April 19, 1856. Digital Image Source: Kentucky Digital Library, http://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt74j09w1c29/data/mets.xml Accessed 23 December 2014.
Historic Nelson County, its towns and people. Sarah Borders Smith. Bardstown, Kentucky : GBA/Delmar, 1983. vi, 488 p. : ill. Updated ed. of 2 works previously published as: Historic Bardstown, Nelson County, 1968: and Historic Nelson County, 1971. Family History Library
“Immense Conflagration.” Lebanon Post (Lebanon, KY) 16 April 1856. Digital Image Source: Kentucky Digital Library, http://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt72v6986q2x/data/mets.xml Accessed December 2014.
“Public Meeting to relieve the Sufferers by the late Fire.” Lebanon Post (Lebanon, KY) 23 April 1856. Digital Image Source: Kentucky Digital Library, http://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt72fq9q2t9j/data/mets.xml Accessed December 2014.
“Terrible Conflagration— Bardstown, Ky.. in Ruins!” Chicago Times (Chicago, IL) 24 April 1856. Digital Image Source: GenealogyBank.com. Accessed December 2014.
“The Fire at Bardstown.” Daily Louisville Democrat (Jefferson County, KY) 17 April 1856. Digital Image Source: Kentucky Digital Library, http://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt7np55dcm1z/data/mets.xml. Accessed December 2014.
“The Fire at Bardstown.” Lebanon Post (Lebanon, KY) 23 April 1856. Digital Image Source: Kentucky Digital Library, http://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt72fq9q2t9j/data/mets.xml
Accessed December 2014.
“The Relief Meeting.” Louisville weekly courier (Jefferson County, Kentucky), April 26, 1856. Digital Image Source: Kentucky Digital Library,
http://nyx.uky.edu/dips/xt77d7957p12/data/mets.xml Accessed 23 December 2014.
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